Back strain frequently involves the lower back (lumbar spine and sacrum). Back strain occurs from a stretching injury to the muscles or tendons of the back. It is a common sports injury that can result from lifting, sudden movement, or a fall, collision with another athlete, or any activity in which the muscles of the back are engaged. Back strain often affects the lower back or lumbar region and the pain associated with this injury ranges from moderate to severe.
Cause of injury
Sudden strain on the back muscles from lifting. Abrupt movement involving muscles of the back. Repetitive stress to the back muscles. Poor technique or postural weakness.
Signs and symptoms
Pain, stiffness and loss of movement in the back.
Complications if left unattended
Muscle strains in the back usually resolve with proper rest. Ignoring muscle strain, however, can lead to chronic back pain, stiffness and discomfort, with degeneration of the muscles and tendons. Muscle spasms accompanying inflammation can cause further pain, in some cases severe.
Rest on a firm surface, lying on the back with knees raised rather than on the stomach. Ice pack, analgesic and anti-inflammatory medication.
Rehabilitation and prevention
After use of ice to reduce inflammation, heat therapy in modest amounts may help ease discomfort. Recovery times for muscle strain in the back vary widely depending on the severity of the strain, location and overall health of the person. When the muscles have begun to heal, it is important that they receive moderate use to avoid wasting and atrophy. Later, exercise to strengthen the back and restore mobility can help avoid recurrence of this injury.
Sports Massage and Deep-tissue massage help relieve back pain
A good back massage can help relieve lower back pain. After a strenuous workout or sitting at a desk all day, your back muscles are likely to be tense from overuse or repetitive use. When a massage therapist works those muscles, some of the tension is released.
Even after a long history of back pain, a massage can help heal the tissues and muscles that have become tight, weak or atrophied. This will in turn improve your range of motion. It also helps reduce stretch marks and scar tissue. Athletes who have strained muscles in the lower, middle and upper back may notice increased joint flexibility after a back massage.