Dislocated shoulder in the GH joint might happen when an athlete falls on an outstretched hand or through abduction and external rotation of the shoulder. Lots of force is needed to dislocate a shoulder unless a person is experiencing re-injury. When the head of the humerus pulls free of the glenoid fossa of the scapula a shoulder dislocation occurs.
There are various types of shoulder dislocation. Anterior dislocation is the most common with 90% of cases. The structures responsible for stabilizing the anterior shoulder, include the capsule and the inferior glenohumeral ligament. They are torn free in this dislocation injury. Compression fractures of the posteromedial humeral head are related to anterior dislocations. Avulsion of the anterior glenoid labrum can happen, which is also called a Bankart lesion.
Cause of injury
A fall onto an outstretched hand. Forceful contact with an object or another person. Fast torsion of the shoulder.
Dislocated shoulder signs and symptoms
Lots of pain in the shoulder. The forearm turned outward. Arm held away from the body. The irregular contour of deltoid muscles.
Complications if untreated
A dislocated shoulder causes damage to the ligaments. The joint becomes less stable and more prone to successive dislocations during sports activities. During the healing process, immobilization of the shoulder doesn’t prevent such re-injury fully. It might require surgical intervention. The immobilized ligaments often don’t heal in the proper position. Damage to the nerve and axillary artery could occur. It causes weakness in the deltoid muscle.
Dislocated shoulder Immediate treatment
Reduction or realignment of the dislocated joint. Medication for pain and immobilization.
Dislocated shoulder prevention and rehabilitation
Most dislocated shoulder injuries are treated without surgery, but subsequent shoulder dislocations might require surgery. Many sports people and athletes suffer a range of disabilities from dislocation. There are some options for surgical treatment. Prolotherapy involves injections into the anterior shoulder capsule. The injections into the insertions of the inferior and middle glenohumeral ligaments. That will provide better relief from pain. This will speed up recovery and restoration of mobility.
Long term prognosis
Many sports people and athletes might not be able to continue with sports activities. Following a shoulder injury without subsequent injuries or needing surgery. Athletes who have surgery following shoulder dislocation are usually not able to perform at a higher level. Prolotherapy can offer relief and more effective recovery.